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Information & Documentation

  • Patients


  • Physicians


    Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria for the Study

    Inclusion criteria

    Only patients that meet all of the following inclusion criteria can be included in this study:

    1. Signed Declaration of informed consent
    2. Male or female
    3. ≥ 18 years
    4. Recurrent kidney stone episodes (> 1) or an individual kidney stone episode with one or several of the following risk factors:
    • The first manifestation at the age of <25
    • Positive family history
    • Non-calcium oxalate stones
    • Gastrointestinal disorders (e.g. gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease, malabsorption etc.)
    • Osteoporosis
    • Nephrocalcinosis
    • Single kidneyness
    • Currently pregnant
    • Gout
    • Metabolic syndrome / Diabetes Mellitus type I & II
    • Residual calculi (≥ 3 months after the therapy)
    • Bilateral or multiple stones
    • Chronic urinary tract infection
    • Chronic renal failure (eGFR <60 ml/min.)
    • Kidney transplant

    Exclusion criteria

    Patients with at least one of the following exclusion criteria may not take part in this study:

    1. No signed Declaration of informed consent
    2. Age < 18 years


    Roth et al, Eurp Urology Focus 2017-1

  • Researchers